In Focus: Iliad 9.599–606

He [Nestor] was seen and noted by swift-footed radiant Achilles, who was standing on the spacious stern of his ship, watching the sheer pain [ponos] and tearful struggle of the fight. Then, all of a sudden, he called to his comrade [hetairos] Patroklos, calling from the ship, and he [Patroklos] from inside the tent heard him [Achilles], |604 and he [Patroklos] came out, equal [īsos] to Arēs, and here, I… Read more

Under Discussion: The Wine-dark Sea

One of the persistent topics in discussion was the mystery of the “wine-dark” or “wine-colored” sea. This phrase has been found and translated within Homeric poetry, the works of Hesiod, and is a phrase which continues to be used right up to today. But what does it mean? Is the sea really wine colored? Have you ever seen a purple sea, and could this actually happen in the achingly blue… Read more

Core Vocab with Greek

Depending on context, adjectives in -os [-ος] (masculine), may be given with other endings: -ē [-η] (feminine), -on [-ον] (neuter), -oi [-οι] (masculine plural), -ai [-αι] (feminine plural), -a [-α] (neuter plural). Core Vocab [with Greek] agathos [ἀγαθός] ‘good, noble’ agōn [ἀγών], plural agōnes [ἀγῶνες] ‘coming together;… Read more

Under Discussion: The song of Daskalogiannis

I discovered that the dance Pentozali which has its roots in the Ancient Pyrrhic dance like the dance Serra of the Pontiac Greeks, was first danced by Daskalogiannis and his men before the revolt of 1770. Different versions of this initial poem can be found of different lengths as the poem kept changing by repetition. Read more