Word Study

Beauty in Homeric Iliad and Odyssey

Beauty: a concept of the mind that is intangible, culturally influenced, and fluid. Beauty is in the eye of the beholder, say many. The realm of beauty is as old as humanity. The topic canvasses from philosophy to religion from natural to man-made. This is a huge topic, of which I will focus on the Homeric Iliad and Odyssey, and explore how people in antiquity thought about beauty. Read more

Aphrodite who excites desire

I had not previously paid much attention to the shorter Homeric Hymns. I became curious to look at examples to examine the wording more closely and to see if there were clues about the sort of stories that might have been associated with them, or at least formulaic phrases that occur in epic or in the longer hymns, and I chose to look this time at the Homeric Hymns to… Read more

Core Vocab: paskhein and pathos

In this latest post featuring Core Vocabulary from The Ancient Greek Hero in 24 Hours and tracked in the associated Sourcebook and our other primary texts, there are two related terms: paskhein [πάσχειν] ‘suffer, experience, be treated [badly or well]’; and pathos [πάθος] ‘suffering, experience’. When it comes to tragedy, the concept is central, but I was interested to see whether and how they were used in other genres. Read more

Using Logeion: Quick Guide

We have been continuing our exploration of digital tools that help us in the translation study groups, and for carrying out word searches and word studies. Many of us have made use of Logeion, for both Greek and Latin. This online reference has a number of useful features, and provides access to lexicons and dictionaries. It also includes references to a number of Greek and Latin textbooks (including Hansen &… Read more

Core Vocab: makar

This time the Core Vocab word (mentioned in H24H and in the associated Sourcebook) is makar [μάκαρ] ‘blessed; happy’. This has a similar meaning to olbios, which has an everyday meaning when applied to mortals, “fortunate, wealthy, happy” and a specialized meaning when applied to the gods, “blessed”. But it can also be applied in a sacral context to heroes, after they are dead and have cult status. It seems… Read more