Word Study

Core Vocab | esthlos

This latest exploration of Core Vocabulary terms from The Ancient Greek Hero in 24 Hours and the associated Sourcebook is esthlos [ἐσθλός] “‘genuine, good, noble’; synonym of agathos.” The first thing I noticed is that it is far less frequent than agathos. I wondered whether there were any specific usages, in particular the sense of “genuine.” And how should the word best be translated in different contexts? Here are a… Read more

Marriage | Part 3: Courtship

In this part of our series on marriage in ancient Greek texts, we look at the courtship phase. Benveniste shows that there is no Indo-European term for marriage but a "persistence of usages inherited from a common past and of the same family structure, where the husband “led” the young woman, whom her father has “given” him, to his home." In the ancient Greek tradition, how do fathers reach the… Read more

Core Vocab: mantis

"Why, what is a seer [mantis]? A man who with luck tells the truth [alēthē] sometimes, with frequent falsehoods, but when his luck deserts him, collapses then and there." This latest post about Core Vocabulary terms from The Ancient Greek Hero in 24 Hours and the associated Sourcebook[2] is mantis [μάντις], glossed as "seer, prophet". Read more

Core Vocab: kamatos

"Many and brave comrades followed the son of Telamon, to relieve him of his shield when he was overcome with sweat and toil [kamatos]." This time the Core Vocab term—taken from terms listed in H24H] and the associated Sourcebook— is kamatos [κάματος] which Gregory Nagy glosses as ‘ordeal, labor, pain’. Read more

Core Vocab: nomos

Solon "was spending ten years abroad after having made laws [nomoi] for the Athenians ... the real reason was not to have to repeal any of the laws [nomoi] he had made. The Athenians could not do this on their own, having sworn by the strongest oaths to observe for ten years whatever laws [nomoi] Solon gave them." Our next Core Vocab term is nomos [νόμος], glossed in H24H and… Read more