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Coming of Age at Thermon: Marriage and Its Discontents on the Metopes of Temple C
Kathryn Topper University of Washington email@example.com
The following slides are previews of some of the images I will talk about on Thursday.
Some of the metopes (and photographs) are less legible than others, so I’ve also
included copies of Emile Gilliéron’s watercolors for most of them. There’s not much
recent literature on the metopes in English, but if you’d like a general (and very brief)
introduction to the site, here are two to check out:
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Thermon: general view of archaeological site
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Thermon: foundations and plan of Temple C (with earlier buildings in black)
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Reconstruction of elevation
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Certain Uncertain/hypothesized Fragmentary or illegible
1. leg and foot of running figure (gorgon?)
2. sphinx or Typhon (?)
4. lion’s head
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Gorgon metope and terracotta ornament
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Aedon and Khelidon (labeled) butchering or mourning over Itys/Itylos. You may have
encountered these women in other versions as Procne and Philomela.
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Aedon and Khelidon (labeled) with detail of Itys’/Itylos’ head.
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Hunter (precise identity disputed)
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Perseus fleeing with the head of Medusa in his bag
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Disrobing (?) women – daughters of Proitos?
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Three seated figures (identities and genders disputed), Hellenistic
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Φόρκυϊ δ ̓ αὖ Κητὼ Γραίας τέκε καλλιπαρῄους 270
ἐκ γενετῆς πολιάς, τὰς δὴ Γραίας καλέουσιν
ἀθάνατοί τε θεοὶ χαμαὶ ἐρχόμενοί τ ̓ ἄνθρωποι,
Πεμφρηδώ τ ̓ ἐύπεπλον Ἐνυώ τε κροκόπεπλον,
Γοργούς θ ̓, αἳ ναίουσι πέρην κλυτοῦ Ὠκεανοῖο
ἐσχατιῇ πρὸς Νυκτός, ἵν ̓ Ἑσπερίδες λιγύφωνοι, 275
Σθεννώ τ ̓ Εὐρυάλη τε Μέδουσά τε λυγρὰ παθοῦσα.
ἣ μὲν ἔην θνητή, αἳ δ ̓ ἀθάνατοι καὶ ἀγήρῳ,
αἱ δύο: τῇ δὲ μιῇ παρελέξατο Κυανοχαίτης
ἐν μαλακῷ λειμῶνι καὶ ἄνθεσιν εἰαρινοῖσιν.
τῆς δ ̓ ὅτε δὴ Περσεὺς κεφαλὴν ἀπεδειροτόμησεν, 280
ἔκθορε Χρυσαωρ τε μέγας καὶ Πήγασος ἵππος.
And again, Keto bore to Phorkys the fair- cheeked Graiai, sisters gray from birth,
and both deathless gods and men who
walk on earth call them Graiai, well-clad
Pemphredo, and saffron-robed Enyo. [And
she bore] the Gorgons who dwell beyond
glorious Ocean in the frontier land
towards Night where are the clear-voiced
Hesperides: Sthenno, and Euryale, and
Medusa who suffered woeful things. She
was mortal, but the two were undying and
did not grow old. With her the Dark-haired
One [Poseidon] lay in a soft meadow
among spring flowers. And when Perseus
cut off her head, great Khrysaor and the
horse Pegasos sprang forth.
Hesiod, Theogony (modified from
translation by H. G. Evelyn-White)
I’ll talk briefly about this passage from the Theogony when I discuss the Perseus